Some minor problems can occur during orthodontic treatment, ranging from teeth soreness to loose brackets. Here are some examples of minor orthodontic issues that can be remedied on your own and/or fixed at your next office visit.

– Poking wires : When the end of the arch wire pokes the gum, tongue or cheek, the patient can cover the end of the wire with orthodontic wax to prevent it from poking the gum or cheek. In a situation where the wire is extremely bothersome, the patient can call the clinic to let the orthodontist cut it for him.

– Loose bands or brackets: This happens because the patient ate something hard or crunchy. In case this happens, the patient must call the clinic as soon as possible for an appointment.

– Sore teeth:  After braces adjustment, the patient can expect to have sore teeth for 2-3 days, as the teeth gradually shift in response to the adjustment. Usually, the pain is tolerable, but if it is necessary, over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to relieve the pain,

– Lost or broken retainer: Retainers are very important because they help to maintain the alignment of the teeth after the braces are removed. If the patient lost or broke his retainers, he must call the clinic immediately to prevent the shift or relapse of the teeth.

While minor orthodontic problems do commonly occur, there are some major orthodontic emergencies that needs immediate attention. For example, if the patient injures his mouth, jaw, or teeth, he should see a doctor or dentist immediately. An X-ray may be needed to determine the extent of the injury. If the injury affects the orthodontic appliances, they will possibly need replacement or the orthodontist may stop doing adjustment temporarily, depending on the extent of the injury. Sometimes, the patient can also have infected teeth, especially if his oral hygiene is poor. If the pain or swelling around a tooth that gets worse, the patient must see his dentist as soon as possible.

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